After the Muslims besieged Damascus, Khaled bin Al-Walid entered it and entered it in peace, and it was annexed to the Umayyad state after that, and in the era of Al-Walid bin Abdul-Malik, the Umayyad Mosque was built in the southern part of the church. Umayyad dynasty, the first great Muslim dynasty to rule the empire of the caliphate (661–750). Founded in 2006, Historum is a history forum dedicated to history discussions and historical events. [3] Information on Arab tribes migration during the Umayyad, Abbasid, and Fatimid eras? This was the first minaret built for the mosque and is located on the mosque's northern wall. Still standing, only a few kilometers from Córdoba, we will find the archaeological site of the palatine city of Madinat al-Zahra. Apr 19, 2016 - 4Photo:The Umayyad Mosque, also known as the Great Mosque of Damascus, Syria. Howard has been writing about religious sites for the better part of the last decade, and The Complete Pilgrim is the culmination of years of his work and passion. Are the exterior walls part of the Jupiter temple or not? Al Khamis Mosque Al Khamis Mosque is believed to be the oldest mosques in Bahrain; Built during the era of the Umayyad Caliph Umar Bin Abdulaziz. Located in Spain, this mosque is a monument to the religious changes that have taken place in the city since it was first populated. It was battered but still standing in this image taken on 16 April. Learn how your comment data is processed. Muawiyah ibn Abu Sufyan was the first Umayyad caliph, ruling from 661 to 680. Welcome to The Complete Pilgrim(TM)! For a better experience, please enable JavaScript in your browser before proceeding. Learn more about the Great Mosque in this article. However, it was always rebuilt after all. All rights reserved. That’s right you heard it right it’s FREE. One of the most famous landmarks in Damascus. Orange trees still stand in the courtyard of the Mosque of Córdoba, a beautiful, if bittersweet reminder of the Umayyad exile. Bin Abd al-Malik restores all churches to Christians. The mosque is also famous for its minarets, the Minaret of the bride, the Western Minaret and the Minaret of Jesus. Known locally as Mezquita-Catedral, the Great Mosque of Cordoba is one of the oldest structures still standing from the late 8th century. http://bertrandterlindeninarchitecture.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/03-10-damas-temenos-et-eglise-entre-635-et-705.jpg, http://bertrandterlindeninarchitecture.files.wordpress.com/2010/03/03-09-damas-grande-mosquee-plan.jpg, The Umayyads conquer Constantinople in 717. Your email address will not be published. It is the first monumental work of architecture in Islamic history. Known locally as Mezquita-Catedral, the Great Mosque of Cordoba is one of the oldest structures standing from the late 8th century. Use the scroll wheel to zoom at the details. Long before Damascus rose to prominence as the Umayyad dynasty’s capital of the Islamic Caliphate, it was a major early center of the Christian faith.  According to the New Testament, Christianity was introduced to Damascus by the disciple Ananias within a year or two after the Ascension, making Damascus one of the first major cities outside of Judea to be evangelized.  Ironically, it was not until the reign of the Umayyad Muslims in the 7th century that Damascus would see the construction of its greatest Christian shrine: the Umayyad Mosque.  The Umayyad Mosque is the most prominent holy site in the Islamic world to showcase a major New Testament relic, the head of John the Baptist, and is highly revered today both by Muslims and Christians.  The Umayyad Mosque is part of the Ancient City of Damascus UNESCO World Heritage Site. ___ Courtyard and Minaret of the Umayyad Mosque With the rise of Islam, Damascus found itself in the world spotlight.  Soon after the death of the Prophet Mohammed, Muslim armies swarmed out of Arabia conquering everything in their path.  The city of Damascus was taken and became the forward base for further campaigns against the Byzantine Empire.  The Caliph Omar chose Damascus as his new capital and within a few short years was one of the world’s largest cities.  The Umayyads adorned it with immense new public works including the Umayyad Mosque.  Taking a cue from the area’s many Byzantine churches, the Muslims decided to sanctify the mosque with an important relic, and brought the head of John the Baptist there, possibly from Herod’s fortress at Machaerus. There is some ground level pavement, bits of the first course of the columned inner courtyard, a niche still standing in situ around 1.5 m high, and some column drums which survived the earthquake in 749 AD. Although it has been a Muslim city for the better part of thirteen centuries, Damascus has been home to a substantial Christian population for nearly two thousand years.  Old Damascus has a large Christian quarter that dominates the eastern half of the city.  The Chapel of Ananias supposedly stands on the place where Ananias baptized Paul, and St. Paul’s Chapel marks the spot where Paul escaped from the city in a basket over the wall.  There are at least half a dozen other shrines throughout the region that claim to be home to the relics of John the Baptist.  There is a pretty good chance that the body was once interred in the Tomb of John the Baptist in Sebaste in Palestine, while the head was probably kept for a while at the Fortress of Herod at Machaerus.  John the Baptist is still highly venerated at both of these places. It is a master piece of architectural ingenuity having a decisive influence on the maturity of mosque architecture all over the Muslim World. The mosque has a rich history in all eras and civilizations. Mu‘awiya also instituted political and bureaucratic systems that allowed for the effective rule of the nascent Islamic empire and the expansio… The area where the Umayyad Mosque is situated has been a sacred site tor thousands of years. The Damascus Umayyad Mosque was one of the first monumental structures of Islamic architecture built. The Great Umayyad Mosque remains one of the great symbols of the glorious period of Muslim civilisation and its pride. The purpose of this article is to give you a brief overview of what this decision means and why it matters. The spot where the mosque now stands was originally a temple dedicated to the idol Hadad in the Aramaean era about 3000 years ago. One of the most famous sights in Damascus is the Umayyad Mosque. Seen here in the background is the Minaret of the Bride, Madhanat al-Arus. Hypostyle hall, Great Mosque at Córdoba, Spain, begun 786 and enlarged during the 9th and 10th centuries This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. The beautiful identical twin minarets of this outstanding Islamic architectural masterpiece can easily be notice as one drives along the Shaikh Salman Road in Khamis, even from a distance. Click here for […]. In the two decades since he has traveled to more than two dozen countries and almost every state, visiting and photographing hundreds of the world’s greatest churches, synagogues and other places of religious interest. Within the Umayyad Mosque complex are three minarets. Thank you for visiting! Filed Under: Early Christian Site, Gravesite Saint, Muslim, New Testament Site Tagged With: Syria/Jordan/Lebanon. Traces seems exists at our time of ancient Jupiter temple or not Baptist located! With: Syria/Jordan/Lebanon historical events it matters a number of victories, emerged... 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