The Missouri River is the longest river in North America. This flooding affects several campgrounds near the river and includes County Roads 34, 47 and 51 east of Fort Calhoun. Steamboating on the Missouri River began in May 1819, when the Independence, a boat commissioned by Elias Rector and captained by John Nelson, became the first steamboat to successfully navigate the Missouri River, making it to Franklin in thirteen days (seven days of actual running time). Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. The Missouri River is the longest river in the United States. https://www.britannica.com/place/Missouri-River. Missouri River Hydrographs The resulting series of massive reservoirs on the upper river and the deep, narrow channel on the lower river has actually made flood damages worse, putting surrounding communities, wildlife, recreation, and river health in jeopardy. The Mississippi River is the second longest river in North America, flowing 2,350 miles from its source at Lake Itasca through the center of the continental United States to the Gulf of Mexico. According to the USGS the Missouri River is 2,540 miles long while the Mississippi River is 2,340. Although the Mississippi can be ranked as the fourth longest river in the world by adding the length of the Missouri-Jefferson (Red Rock) system to the Mississippi downstream of the Missouri-Mississippi confluence—for a combined length of 3,710 miles (5,971 km)—the 2,340-mile length of the Mississippi proper is comfortably exceeded by 19 other rivers. For southeastern Missouri and parts of south central Missouri, this period of flooding, part of the Spring 2011 Middle and Lower Mississippi River Valley flood, is unsurpassed. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Jump to navigation Jump to search. The Corps created and maintains a 9-foot deep channel from Minneapolis to St. Louis to accommodate barge traffic on the river. Missouri River Canoe Trip. River runners can still camp at the same sites used by the explorers. It was the route of the Lewis and Clark expedition, Native Americans, fur traders, steamboats and railroads. The Missouri is the world’s 15th-longest river. The Missouri River, approximately 2565 miles long (including its Jefferson-Beaverhead-Red Rock headstream), is the longest river of the United States and is the principal tributary of the Mississippi River. The Missouri River begins near Three Forks, Montana, and runs until it merges with the Mississippi River near St. Louis, Missouri. The upper Missouri River at Gates of the Mountains, western Montana, north of Helena. As flooding on the Missouri increases in frequency and severity with climate change, communities need better flood protection solutions. And they’ve taught us many lessons on river management along the way. The basin also supports 300 species of birds and a variety of mammals including trophy elk, whitetails, and mule deer that support a significant seasonal hunting economy. The Missouri River long ago garnered the nickname the “Big Muddy,” inspired by the enormous loads of sediment it pushed through the river system. Of the many points along the lower Missouri that commemorate the expedition, one of the best is Kaw Point at the confluence of the Kansas (Kaw) River and the Missouri River at Kansas City. Just west of Bozeman, Montana—where the Gallatin, Jefferson, and Madison rivers converge at Three Forks—America’s longest river is born. == Understand == thumb|280px|Missouri River near the Montana--North Dakota border The Missouri is navigable by canoe and/or powerboat from Headwaters State Park near Three Forks, however there … Lewis and Clark map, with annotations in brown ink by Meriwether Lewis, tracing showing the Mississippi, the Missouri for a short distance above Kansas, Lakes Michigan, Superior, and Winnipeg, and the country onwards to the Pacific, 1803. Rising in the Rocky Mountains of western Montana, the Missouri flows east and south for 3,767 kilometers (2,341 miles) before entering the Mississippi River north of St. Louis, Missouri. Restoration of the Missouri’s floodplains and wetlands, which absorb and store floodwater, must play a critical role in the next century of flood management. Paddling the lower Missouri River is in many ways analogous to being on a very long moving lake. The Missouri River will travel more than 2,300 miles before it joins the Mississippi in its namesake state at St. Louis, forming the world’s fourth longest river system as it rolls south to the Gulf of Mexico.Considered the “Center of Life” for the Great Plains, the Missouri has served as … What is the 5,000 Miles of Wild Campaign? Levees and dams can no longer be the only line of defense. Lewis and Clark made their way upstream against the Missouri’s unbridled spring current in 1805. Rivers in their natural state are “designed” to flood in approximately HALF of all... Where does our water come from? This article does not cite any sources. Major floods have always been a fact of life along the Missouri. This was one of the many campsites of the expedition with the crew landing there on June 26, 1804. Colorado, Iowa, Kansas, Minnesota, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, North Dakota, Alice’s Garden: Solutions for Clean Water in Milwaukee, Year of the River: The Elwha and White Salmon. Comparable to the size of the Canadian province of Quebec, the watershed encompasses most of the central Great Plains, stretching from the Rocky Mountains in the west to the Mississippi River Valley in the east and from the southern extreme of western Canada to the border of the Arkansas River The map indicates very little was known about the location and geography of the Missouri River. It’s the second-longest river in North America, beaten only by the Missouri River. The current on the river is typically around 3-5 mph, and this can help your craft to travel down the river. Some describe the Mississippi River as being the third longest river system in the world, if the length of Missouri and Ohio Rivers are added to the Mississippi's main stem. 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